NT平台

时间:2020年03月30日 12:10编辑:俎亦瑶 原创

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NT平台:【子】【曰】【:】【“】【禘】【自】【既】【灌】【而】【往】【者】【,】【吾】【不】【欲】【观】【之】【矣】【。】【”】

NT平台

【二】【十】【年】【,】【齐】【湣】【王】【欲】【为】【从】【长】【,】【恶】【楚】【之】【与】【秦】【合】【,】【乃】【使】【使】【遗】【楚】【王】【书】【曰】【:】【“】【寡】【人】【患】【楚】【之】【不】【察】【於】【尊】【名】【也】【。】【今】【秦】【惠】【王】【死】【,】【武】【王】【立】【,】【张】【仪】【走】【魏】【,】【樗】【里】【疾】【、】【公】【孙】【衍】【用】【,】【而】【楚】【事】【秦】【。】【夫】【樗】【里】【疾】【善】【乎】【韩】【,】【而】【公】【孙】【衍】【善】【乎】【魏】【;】【楚】【必】【事】【秦】【,】【韩】【、】【魏】【恐】【,】【必】【因】【二】【人】【求】【合】【於】【秦】【,】【则】【燕】【、】【赵】【亦】【宜】【事】【秦】【。】【四】【国】【争】【事】【秦】【,】【则】【楚】【为】【郡】【县】【矣】【。】【王】【何】【不】【与】【寡】【人】【并】【力】【收】【韩】【、】【魏】【、】【燕】【、】【赵】【,】【与】【为】【从】【而】【尊】【周】【室】【,】【以】【案】【兵】【息】【民】【,】【令】【於】【天】【下】【?】【莫】【敢】【不】【乐】【听】【,】【则】【王】【名】【成】【矣】【。】【王】【率】【诸】【侯】【并】【伐】【,】【破】【秦】【必】【矣】【。】【王】【取】【武】【关】【、】【蜀】【、】【汉】【之】【地】【,】【私】【吴】【、】【越】【之】【富】【而】【擅】【江】【海】【之】【利】【,】【韩】【、】【魏】【割】【上】【党】【,】【西】【薄】【函】【谷】【,】【则】【楚】【之】【彊】【百】【万】【也】【。】【且】【王】【欺】【於】【张】【仪】【,】【亡】【地】【汉】【中】【,】【兵】【锉】【蓝】【田】【,】【天】【下】【莫】【不】【代】【王】【怀】【怒】【。】【今】【乃】【欲】【先】【事】【秦】【!】【原】【大】【王】【孰】【计】【之】【。】【”】

  【信】【拜】【礼】【毕】【,】【上】【坐】【。】【王】【曰】【:】【“】【丞】【相】【数】【言】【将】【军】【,】【将】【军】【何】【以】【教】【寡】【人】【计】【策】【?】【”】【信】【谢】【,】【因】【问】【王】【曰】【:】【“】【今】【东】【乡】【争】【权】【天】【下】【,】【岂】【非】【项】【王】【邪】【?】【”】【汉】【王】【曰】【:】【“】【然】【。】【”】【曰】【:】【“】【大】【王】【自】【料】【勇】【悍】【仁】【彊】【孰】【与】【项】【王】【?】【”】【汉】【王】【默】【然】【良】【久】【,】【曰】【:】【“】【不】【如】【也】【。】【”】【信】【再】【拜】【贺】【曰】【:】【“】【惟】【信】【亦】【为】【大】【王】【不】【如】【也】【。】【然】【臣】【尝】【事】【之】【,】【请】【言】【项】【王】【之】【为】【人】【也】【。】【项】【王】【喑】【噁】【叱】【咤】【,】【千】【人】【皆】【废】【,】【然】【不】【能】【任】【属】【贤】【将】【,】【此】【特】【匹】【夫】【之】【勇】【耳】【。】【项】【王】【见】【人】【恭】【敬】【慈】【爱】【,】【言】【语】【呕】【呕】【,】【人】【有】【疾】【病】【,】【涕】【泣】【分】【食】【饮】【,】【至】【使】【人】【有】【功】【当】【封】【爵】【者】【,】【印】【刓】【敝】【,】【忍】【不】【能】【予】【,】【此】【所】【谓】【妇】【人】【之】【仁】【也】【。】【项】【王】【虽】【霸】【天】【下】【而】【臣】【诸】【侯】【,】【不】【居】【关】【中】【而】【都】【彭】【城】【。】【有】【背】【义】【帝】【之】【约】【,】【而】【以】【亲】【爱】【王】【,】【诸】【侯】【不】【平】【。】【诸】【侯】【之】【见】【项】【王】【迁】【逐】【义】【帝】【置】【江】【南】【,】【亦】【皆】【归】【逐】【其】【主】【而】【自】【王】【善】【地】【。】【项】【王】【所】【过】【无】【不】【残】【灭】【者】【,】【天】【下】【多】【怨】【,】【百】【姓】【不】【亲】【附】【,】【特】【劫】【於】【威】【彊】【耳】【。】【名】【虽】【为】【霸】【,】【实】【失】【天】【下】【心】【。】【故】【曰】【其】【彊】【易】【弱】【。】【今】【大】【王】【诚】【能】【反】【其】【道】【:】【任】【天】【下】【武】【勇】【,】【何】【所】【不】【诛】【!】【以】【天】【下】【城】【邑】【封】【功】【臣】【,】【何】【所】【不】【服】【!】【以】【义】【兵】【从】【思】【东】【归】【之】【士】【,】【何】【所】【不】【散】【!】【且】【三】【秦】【王】【为】【秦】【将】【,】【将】【秦】【子】【弟】【数】【岁】【矣】【,】【所】【杀】【亡】【不】【可】【胜】【计】【,】【又】【欺】【其】【众】【降】【诸】【侯】【,】【至】【新】【安】【,】【项】【王】【诈】【阬】【秦】【降】【卒】【二】【十】【馀】【万】【,】【唯】【独】【邯】【、】【欣】【、】【翳】【得】【脱】【,】【秦】【父】【兄】【怨】【此】【三】【人】【,】【痛】【入】【骨】【髓】【。】【今】【楚】【彊】【以】【威】【王】【此】【三】【人】【,】【秦】【民】【莫】【爱】【也】【。】【大】【王】【之】【入】【武】【关】【,】【秋】【豪】【无】【所】【害】【,】【除】【秦】【苛】【法】【,】【与】【秦】【民】【约】【,】【法】【三】【章】【耳】【,】【秦】【民】【无】【不】【欲】【得】【大】【王】【王】【秦】【者】【。】【於】【诸】【侯】【之】【约】【,】【大】【王】【当】【王】【关】【中】【,】【关】【中】【民】【咸】【知】【之】【。】【大】【王】【失】【职】【入】【汉】【中】【,】【秦】【民】【无】【不】【恨】【者】【。】【今】【大】【王】【举】【而】【东】【,】【三】【秦】【可】【传】【檄】【而】【定】【也】【。】【”】【於】【是】【汉】【王】【大】【喜】【,】【自】【以】【为】【得】【信】【晚】【。】【遂】【听】【信】【计】【,】【部】【署】【诸】【将】【所】【击】【。】

  【学】【恶】【乎】【始】【?】【恶】【乎】【终】【?】【曰】【:】【其】【数】【则】【始】【乎】【诵】【经】【,】【终】【乎】【读】【礼】【;】【其】【义】【则】【始】【乎】【为】【士】【,】【终】【乎】【为】【圣】【人】【,】【真】【积】【力】【久】【则】【入】【,】【学】【至】【乎】【没】【而】【后】【止】【也】【。】【故】【学】【数】【有】【终】【,】【若】【其】【义】【则】【不】【可】【须】【臾】【舍】【也】【。】【为】【之】【,】【人】【也】【;】【舍】【 】【之】【,】【禽】【兽】【也】【。】【故】【书】【者】【,】【政】【事】【之】【纪】【也】【;】【诗】【者】【,】【中】【声】【之】【所】【止】【也】【;】【礼】【者】【,】【法】【之】【大】【分】【,】【类】【之】【纲】【纪】【也】【。】【故】【学】【至】【乎】【礼】【而】【止】【矣】【。】【夫】【是】【之】【谓】【道】【德】【之】【极】【。】【礼】【之】【敬】【文】【也】【,】【乐】【之】【中】【和】【也】【,】【诗】【书】【之】【博】【也】【,】【春】【秋】【之】【微】【 】【也】【,】【在】【天】【地】【之】【间】【者】【毕】【矣】【。】【君】【子】【之】【学】【也】【,】【入】【乎】【耳】【,】【着】【乎】【心】【,】【布】【乎】【四】【体】【,】【形】【乎】【动】【静】【。】【端】【而】【言】【,】【蝡】【而】【动】【,】【一】【可】【以】【为】【法】【则】【。】【小】【人】【之】【学】【也】【,】【入】【乎】【耳】【,】【出】【乎】【口】【;】【口】【耳】【之】【间】【,】【则】【四】【寸】【耳】【,】【曷】【足】【以】【美】【七】【尺】【之】【躯】【哉】【!】【古】【之】【学】【者】【为】【己】【,】【今】【之】【学】【者】【为】【人】【。】【君】【子】【之】【学】【也】【,】【以】【美】【其】【身】【;】【小】【人】【之】【学】【也】【,】【以】【为】【禽】【犊】【。】【故】【不】【问】【而】【告】【谓】【之】【傲】【,】【问】【一】【而】【告】【二】【谓】【之】【囋】【。】【傲】【、】【非】【也】【,】【囋】【、】【非】【也】【;】【君】【子】【如】【向】【矣】【。】

  【微】【子】【开】【者】【,】【殷】【帝】【乙】【之】【首】【子】【而】【帝】【纣】【之】【庶】【兄】【也】【。】【纣】【既】【立】【,】【不】【明】【,】【淫】【乱】【於】【政】【,】【微】【子】【数】【谏】【,】【纣】【不】【听】【。】【及】【祖】【伊】【以】【周】【西】【伯】【昌】【之】【修】【德】【,】【灭】【璿】【国】【,】【惧】【祸】【至】【,】【以】【告】【纣】【。】【纣】【曰】【:】【“】【我】【生】【不】【有】【命】【在】【天】【乎】【?】【是】【何】【能】【为】【!】【”】【於】【是】【微】【子】【度】【纣】【终】【不】【可】【谏】【,】【欲】【死】【之】【,】【及】【去】【,】【未】【能】【自】【决】【,】【乃】【问】【於】【太】【师】【、】【少】【师】【曰】【:】【“】【殷】【不】【有】【治】【政】【,】【不】【治】【四】【方】【。】【我】【祖】【遂】【陈】【於】【上】【,】【殷】【既】【小】【大】【好】【草】【窃】【奸】【宄】【,】【卿】【士】【师】【师】【非】【度】【,】【皆】【有】【罪】【辜】【,】【乃】【无】【维】【获】【,】【小】【民】【乃】【并】【兴】【,】【相】【为】【敌】【雠】【。】【今】【殷】【其】【典】【丧】【!】【若】【涉】【水】【无】【津】【涯】【。】【殷】【遂】【丧】【,】【越】【至】【于】【今】【。】【”】【曰】【:】【“】【太】【师】【,】【少】【师】【,】【我】【其】【发】【出】【往】【?】【吾】【家】【保】【于】【丧】【?】【今】【女】【无】【故】【告】【予】【,】【颠】【跻】【,】【如】【之】【何】【其】【?】【”】【太】【师】【若】【曰】【:】【“】【王】【子】【,】【天】【笃】【下】【菑】【亡】【殷】【国】【,】【乃】【毋】【畏】【畏】【,】【不】【用】【老】【长】【。】【今】【殷】【民】【乃】【陋】【淫】【神】【祇】【之】【祀】【。】【今】【诚】【得】【治】【国】【,】【国】【治】【身】【死】【不】【恨】【。】【为】【死】【,】【终】【不】【得】【治】【,】【不】【如】【去】【。】【”】【遂】【亡】【。】

  【叶】【公】【问】【孔】【子】【于】【子】【路】【,】【子】【路】【不】【对】【。】【子】【曰】【:】【“】【女】【奚】【不】【曰】【:】【其】【为】【人】【也】【,】【发】【愤】【忘】【食】【,】【乐】【以】【忘】【忧】【,】【不】【知】【老】【之】【将】【至】【云】【尔】【。】【”】

  【佛】【肸】【为】【中】【牟】【宰】【。】【赵】【简】【子】【攻】【范】【、】【中】【行】【,】【伐】【中】【牟】【。】【佛】【肸】【畔】【,】【使】【人】【召】【孔】【子】【。】【孔】【子】【欲】【往】【。】【子】【路】【曰】【:】【“】【由】【闻】【诸】【夫】【子】【,】【“】【其】【身】【亲】【为】【不】【善】【者】【,】【君】【子】【不】【入】【也】【”】【。】【今】【佛】【肸】【亲】【以】【中】【牟】【畔】【,】【子】【欲】【往】【,】【如】【之】【何】【?】【”】【孔】【子】【曰】【:】【“】【有】【是】【言】【也】【。】【不】【曰】【坚】【乎】【,】【磨】【而】【不】【磷】【;】【不】【曰】【白】【乎】【,】【涅】【而】【不】【淄】【。】【我】【岂】【匏】【瓜】【也】【哉】【,】【焉】【能】【系】【而】【不】【食】【?】【”】

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